International Criminal Court

The first permanent, international and based on a treaty court. Independent body outside the UN. Its creation is under the influence of the activity of the tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The Court operates under the Rome Statute of 17 July 1998 adopted by the diplomatic conference of plenipotentiaries under UN auspices and entered into force on July 1, 2002

ICC exercises its powers in connection with crimes and persons that caused international concern.

It is structured by the Presidency, the Judicial Divisions (pre-trial, court and of appeal) with 18 judges, the Registry, the Office of the Prosecutor, the Office of Public Counsel for Defence and the Office of Public Counsel for victims.

Location: Hague, Holland


Further reading: The International Criminal Court in the Global Criminal Justice System [on the Criminal Justice website]

Rome Statute: